Macron announces closure of ENA, the elite 'school for presidents' that France loves to hate

Published Apr 08 2021 at 7:11 PM GMT
  • President Emmanuel Macron announced the abolition of France's esteemed Ecole Nationale d"Administration (ENA) on Thursday, to be replaced by a new Institute for Public Service.
  • Charles de Gaulle founded ENA as a training ground for French leaders at the end of World War II, envisioning a meritocratic postwar system that would offer opportunities for all.
  • But the 'grande 'cole' eventually became known as an elite institution that churned out presidents, premiers and captains of industry destined to fill France's top ranks.


  • Published Apr 8, 2021 7:11 PM GMT